Academy of Athens

   Famous pagan school of philosophy in Athens (q.v.) that was closed by Justinian I (q.v.) in 529. In the fourth century its students included Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzos, and the future emperor Julian (qq.v.). The great philosophers of Neoplatonism (q.v.), including Proklos and Damaskios (qq.v.), taught there. Justinian's action can be seen as a symbolic attack on paganism. Nevertheless, it extinguished a tradition of learning that reached back to the time of Aristotle (q.v.) and ushered in the decline of Athens as a center of culture.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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